You may teach students the previewing strategy from the beginning of the school year and before they read aloud or silently. What do you think caused _____ to happen? By using previewing in different subject areas, students become highly familiar with the strategy and its use. Find out how to help students of mixed achievement levels apply comprehension strategies while reading content area text in small groups. She would ask students to think about the passage they had just read and to write down the most important person, place, or thing in the sentence. The reciprocal teaching of comprehension-fostering and comprehension-monitoring activities. Klingner, J. K. Vaughn, S., & Schumm, J S. (in press). Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. They will also have had opportunities to watch you model and apply the strategy with the class as a whole, making its implementation in small groups easier. —, Seven Strategies to Teach Students Text Comprehension, Supporting Children with Autism During COVID-19, Mary Amato’s Tips for Keeping a Writer’s Notebook. Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR) is a reading comprehension program that uses explicit instruction, group collaborations and scaffolding. Cognition and Instruction, 1, 117-175. You can help by actively listening to students' conversations and if necessary clarifying difficult words, modeling strategy usage, encouraging students to participate, and modeling a helpful attitude. Book by Klingner, Janette K., Vaughn, Sharon, Dimino, Joseph, Ph.D., Schumm, Jeanne Shay, Bryant, Diane, Ph.D. Do you learn who is going to be in the movie? ... Klingner, J. K. , & Vaughn, S. (1996). When you teach students to "get the gist," prompt them to identify the most important person, place, or thing in the paragraph they have just read. Kitchen timers that students set by themselves can help groups to remain on task and not get excessively bogged down with any one strategy or step in the CSR process. When a student comes to a word, concept, or idea that does not make sense, "Clunk" – comprehension breaks down. Collaborative Strategic Reading. You may use many activities to reinforce the key vocabulary and important ideas students have learned from reading the day's passage, and also to assist you in monitoring students' learning. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on July 4, 2010 - 12:56am. Tiffany Royal, an inclusion teacher and expert CSR implementer, stated: "What I like best is that my students learn how to understand what they read while they improve their vocabulary. The teachers we have worked with like what happens in their classrooms: Once students learn the strategies (preview, click and clunk, get the gist, and wrap up), they can apply them in cooperative groups. Please try again. Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR) is a research-based instructional practice in teaching reading comprehension to students to enhance content area learning. Sharon Vaughn is the Mollie Villeret Davis Professor of Learning Disabilities at the University of Texas at Austin. Reading Rockets is a national multimedia project that offers a wealth of research-based reading strategies, lessons, and activities designed to help young children learn how to read and read better. Something we hope you'll especially enjoy: FBA items qualify for FREE Shipping and Amazon Prime. Cue sheets outline the procedures to be followed in cooperative learning groups and provide structure and support for students while they are learning CSR. Yet once groups can function more autonomously, they should be encouraged to do so. Lucille Sullivan encourages her students to click and clunk throughout the day. 284-292 Google Scholar Just as in watching a movie preview, students are provided minimal time to generate their ideas and discuss their background knowledge and predictions. Improving Secondary Education and Transition Services through Research, 1(2), 1–7. For example, when students do not know the meaning of a word, it is a clunk. Students think about what they are reading and write down questions/reflections about their learning. S. Vaughn, J.K. KlingnerTeaching reading comprehension through collaborative strategic reading Intervention in School and Clinic, 34 (5) (1999), pp. Find the best apps for building literacy skills. According to Bremer, et al. Collaborative strategic reading (CSR): Improving reading comprehension skills. ", Lucille Sullivan, a fifth-grade teacher, said: "CSR is an excellent technique for teaching students reading comprehension and building vocabulary and also working together cooperatively. The following four strategies that encompass CSR are presented: Preview, Click and Clunk, Get the Gist, and Wrap-Up. Click the "References" link above to hide these references. ... Klingner, J. K., & Vaughn, S.. (1999). All thses ideas are excellent for reading. Submitted by Francine (not verified) on February 23, 2014 - 3:18pm. GOOD. Klingner, J. K. Vaughn, S., & Schumm, J S. (in press). I am a weak reader, I want to improve my reading skills. Students can perform more than one role at a time, if necessary. In the following sections we provide an overview of how to teach each of the strategies: Students preview the entire passage before they read each section. Think about what information that is provided that would help you understand the meaning of the word. S: Did everyone understand what we read? Klingner, J. K. (1997, February). For commercial use, please contact the author or publisher listed. The small number of studies on collaborative use of reading strategies (e.g. Klingner, J. K., & Vaughn, S. (1996). The goals of Collaborative Strategic Reading are to improve Procedures are described for teaching CSR to students. Collaborative strategic reading during social studies in heterogeneous fourth grade classrooms. It is also a good idea to tell students to pretend they are teachers and to think of questions they would ask on a test to find out if their students really understood what they had read. Dimino, J. I'm teaching this strategy to my college students who want to be educators. Some special education teachers have even used CSR learning logs to document that students were meeting the objectives on their individualized education programs (IEPs) (Chang & Shimizu, 1997). 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